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They are found in both urban and rural areas. They all are following their own medium of instruction and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. It makes sense of responsibility among the people. Upper class, Upper middle class or middle class who can afford the huge fee chargers of renowned institutions send their child to English medium institutes. We have many examples of developed or developing countries that made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore The study was delimited to male primary school teachers of the three districts namely Mardan, Peshawar and Swabi of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. At the level of higher education the mother tongue must be included as a subject. Pakistan Government has been unable to come up with a uniform medium of instruction to be used in our educational institutions. The writer heads an independent organisation dealing with education and development in Swat. Some people prefer English, while others think that their mother tongue - or Urdu - is a better option. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. After contextualising EMI within the larger medium of instruction debate in the country, the chapter critically reviews some of the relevant findings from three major studies on attitudes towards languages in Pakistan. I can best explain this with an example of Holy Quran, as it was descended by Allah Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) used to convey the teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of Arabs at that time so they understand it very clearly without facing any problem. Education plays a key role in national development. Every social class goes for separate set up of education for their children e.g. Education plays a key role in national development. • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Saraiki etc. Company’s Financials Pakistan is a developing country. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government, led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, has changed the medium of instruction in public schools from Urdu to English from April 2014. The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. This problem becomes more severe in multilingual countries like Pakistan. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Medium of Instructions in Pakistan We have numerous options of medium of instruction in Pakistan. The current situation in Pakistan is quite down. Thé médium of instruction being English, only candidates proficient in this language are eligible to apply. This division of public and private schools leads to a lack of uniformity in our country, in both rural and urban areas. This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 2020 Daily Times Website Developed By Daily Times Developers. Some very religious people or poor people who can’t afford the expenses of schools at all send their child to Deeni Maddaras where the medium of instruction is totally different they used to speak in Arabic or in their native or regional language. It became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. Approximately a third of all students at primary level attend a private school in Pakistan. The economic development and prosperity of a nation are promoted by a good quality of education, and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. Investor Information Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. We have many examples of developed or developing countries who made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. This letter of announcement is addressed to Member States whose names are on thé attached list (Annex l). As every nation becomes prosperous by gaining education in its own language, then why does Pakistan use English as the medium of instruction? became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages, and some other regional languages, and Urdu is our national language, and we should be proud of our languages. Arif Nizami (Editor) They all are following their own medium of instructions and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. It makes sense of responsibility among the people. An English as a compulsory subject policy was … This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. The Medium of Instruction (MOI) plays a significant role in any education system. It makes for a sense of responsibility among the people. If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.” (Nelson Mandela, 2007). This is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. Education plays a key role in national development. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Progress cannot come without using your own language. As it is not possible for a man to walk with the legs of others, and see with the eyes of others. mediums of instruction in Pakistan: 1. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. Impact of English as Medium of Instruction on Student Learning at Primary Level in Lahore Sidra Kiran* NabiaYounus** Muhammad SaeedAkhtar*** ABSTRACT Selection of appropriate language of instruction has remained the point of discussion for the policy makers since 1st education policy of Pakistan. Pakistan needs a trilingual model wherein the native/mother tongue must be the medium of instruction at the primary level along with Urdu and English as subjects. Its economy is weak. Your right to know On the one hand, it provides access to jobs. 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Pakistan's Punjab government has removed English as a medium of instruction from primary schools and reintroduced Urdu, saying teachers and students waste most of their time in translation. Ph: +92 51 2287273 Islamabad, Ph: +92 21 35381208-9 Karachi On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. Government of the Punjab Notification No. The issue of appropriate selection of MOI has been controversial among the educationists, policy makers, teachers and parents due to multiple reasons domestic, foreign, professional or economical. Firstly, each province has its own regional language which is used as the language of everyday communication; and in school level Urdu is used as the language of instruction. English was made medium of instruction in 18 colleges in 2008. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. We have numerous options of Medium of Instruction in Pakistan. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities and social unrest. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. Latest News Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages and some other regional languages and Urdu is our national language and we should be proud of our languages. If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.”. This policy was meant to consolidate the empire because the English-educated Anglicised elite would support British rule in its own interest. Medium Of Instruction THE MEDIUM/ LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS Introduction 1. Research on the language teachers’ knowledge has always remained a grey area in Pakistan. "Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami" This chapter provides an overview of some of the core issues in English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in higher education (HE) in Pakistan. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities, and social unrest. Although demands for Urdu/mother-tongue to be medium of instruction are supported by empirical evidence, English seems to have taken the lead at all times. Approximately 1/3rd of all students at the primary level attend a private school in Pakistan. As we have three types of systems of education working in parallel, English medium, Urdu medium and Deeni Madaris. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to a better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. As we have three types of systems of education working in parallel, English medium, Urdu medium and Deeni Madaris. Pakistani schools those use English as the medium of instruction are called English medium schools. The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to a dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. The target population was 1947 male primary school teachers from which a sample of … The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to a dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. Some very religious people, or poor people who can’t afford the expenses of schools at all, send their child to Deeni Madaris, where the medium of instruction is totally different, and where they are used to speak in Arabic or in their native or regional language. Medium of instruction in Pakistani Education System. Editor’s Picks, Contact Progress cannot come without using your own language. It is equally impossible for him to think in the language of others. It also become part of the Muslim identity and contributed, next only to Islam itself, in mobilizing the Muslim community to demand Pakistan which was carved out of British India in 1947. medium of instruction in Pakistan and to emphasize the efforts fabricated by the antecedent Govt. The use of English as a medium of instruction in schools has given opportunity to a long debate whether English is better verified than … Pakistan has struggled with the issue of medium of instruction for decades. Urdu medium 2. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. English is the preferred language of education at privet sectors and is most often recognized as the language of the elite and the ruling class. Students in English medium schools learn their subject MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 7 th November, 2008 plz send me copy of that file. This division of public and private schools leads to non-uniformity of our country in both rural and urban areas. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. Members of the lower middle-class, who hardly can afford the basic needs of food and shelter, have as their first priority the educating of their children, send them to Urdu-medium schools as they were of the opinion that at least their children will become educated. • National Language Urdu • Official Language English 4. The new directive will come into effect in over 60,000 public schools of the province from the next academic session beginning March 2020. I can best explain this with example of Holy Quran, as it was revealed by the Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to convey teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of the Arabs at that time, so they understood it very clearly without facing any problem. English medium Today in every province of Pakistan, there are various languages which are used at various levels. The government’s decision to revert to Urdu as the medium of instruction in public schools up till Grade 3 this year has been met with reservations by some teachers who insist that it should apply up till Grade 5 … This issue has remained unresolved in Pakistan due to overwhelming practice of other local and native languages in different provinces. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN PAKISTAN Language creates width in its flow over time. On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. Home Statement of the Problem Since Pakistan is a multilingual country, it is arguable whether English, Urdu, or the Regional language should become the medium of instruction in its schools. It also become part of the Muslim identity and contributed, next only to Islam itself, in mobilizing the Muslim community to demand Pakistan which was carved out of British India in 1947. Language Policy and Medium of Instruction Issue in Pakistan 113 but due to colonial influences and emotive value of Urdu especially in the Hindi-Urdu controversy, Urdu remained the official medium of instruction in most of the institutions of Pakistan (Rahman, 1995). This research paper focuses on the medium of instruction that has been the burning issue not only in Pakistan but all around the world. PS/SSE/Misc/2009/176 dated 18-09-2009 required for the subjects of science and mathematics to be taught in English in each school. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Search Results. Every nation becomes prosperous by gaining an education in its own language then Why Pakistan uses English as the medium of instruction? This debate stirs up on and off due to various socio-political factors and then settles like dust temporarily. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, it is felt that there is a shortage of skilled professionals in the field of teaching, especially at the higher education level. English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, it is felt that there is a shortage of skilled professionals in the field of teaching, especially at the Higher Education level. Language creates width in its flow over time. Friday, December 18, 2020, English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. Pakistan is a multilingual country due to which various provincial / regional languages are … Its economy is weak. The Punjab Government has recently decided to re-introduce Urdu as the medium of instruction for primary school students in the province. PAKISTAN: AN EXPLORATION OF GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES by LIAQUAT ALI CHANNA (Under the Direction of Victoria Hasko) ABSTRACT The National Education Policy (NEP, 2009) of Pakistan mandates that English shall be used as a medium of instruction for certain subjects in Grade 4 and onward in 2014. The primary school teachers who successfully completed grade III training English as Medium of Instruction in Khyber Pukhtunkhawa were the population of the study. Every social class goes for a separate system of education for their children, like the upper class, upper middle class and middle class who can afford the huge fee charged by renowned institutions, send their children to English-medium institutions. On the one hand, it provides access to jobs. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. Lead Stories • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Major native languages of Pakistan are … This situation is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. Parallel System of Education English medium Middle, Upper-middle and Upper Classes Urdu medium Lower-middle & working classes … All these problems are directly or indirectly linked with a poor and weak education system in Pakistan. As it is not possible for a man to walk with the legs of others, or see with the eyes of others, it is equally impossible for him to think in the language of others. Pakistan is a developing country. As we have three types of systems of education working parallel as an English medium, Urdu medium, and Deeni Madaras. There are two sources for this ill-advised move. 2. The lower middle class who hardly can afford the basic needs have first priority to educate their children, sends them in Urdu medium schools as they were of opinion that at least their children will become educated. A glance at our national educational history reveals a disturbing trend towards our attitude to the language to be used in our educational institutions. In Pakistan, most public schools use Urdu, but private schools have English as medium of instruction [citation needed]. The current situation of Pakistan is quite below standard. This paper traces the controversy about the medium of instruction in Pakistan, beginning with the use of Englt education in pre-partition days. Medium of instruction is big problem in Pakistan. with advertence to medium of instruction in the country. All these problems are directly or indirectly linked with the poor and weak education system in Pakistan. Ph: +92 42 36375963-5 Fax: 042-36298302 LAHORE: The Punjab government has announced its decision to revert to Urdu as medium of instruction at the primary level in public schools from the next academic session beginning in March. Language creates width in its flow over time. Public schools use Urdu, but private schools have English as medium of instruction called... Tongue - or Urdu - is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence terrorism. 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This research paper focuses on the language to be used in Pakistani educational system: Necessity Hegemony. ( Nelson Mandela, 2007 ) use Urdu, but private schools leads to a man to walk the...

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